3.3" Lustrous Hubnerite and Quartz Crystal Association - Peru

This is an eye catching hubnerite (manganese tungstate), pyrite and quartz crystal association. It comes from the Huayllapon Mine (Huallapon Mine) in the Pallasca Province of Peru. The entire specimen measures 3.3" wide.

Silicon Dioxide, also known as SiO2 or Quartz, is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's crust. Quartz crystals generally grow in silica-rich, hot watery solutions called hydrothermal environments, at temperatures between 100°C and 450°C, and usually under very high pressure. Quartz veins are formed when open fissures are filled with hot water during the closing stages of mountains forming, and can be hundreds of millions of years old.

The mineral pyrite or iron pyrite is commonly referred to as Fool's Gold because its metallic luster and pale brass-yellow hue give it a superficial resemblance to gold. In the old mining days, pyrite was sometimes mistaken for gold. Pyrite is the most common of the sulfide minerals with the chemical formula FeS2. Pyrite crystals occur in many shapes and habits, including cubes of all sizes, penetration twin cubes, pyritohedral clusters and as small druzy crystals that can exhibit a beautiful glistening effect.

Hubnerite (Manganese Tungstate), Pyrite & Quartz
Huayllapon Mine (Huallapon Mine), Pampas District, Pallasca Province, Peru
3.3 x 2.1